There are three types of research designs in education. There are quantitative research, qualitative research, and mixed research. Quantitative research follows a deductive research process. It’s involves the collection and analysis of quantitative data to identify relations of variable.
Quantitative Research Design
Examples of quantitative research designs in education are descriptive, experimental, and quasi-experimental. Descriptive research is one of the most common methods used by students. This method describes phenomena as they exist. Descriptive studies take raw data and summarize it in a useable form. Qualitative research follows an inductive research process and involves the collection and analysis of qualitative data to search patterns, themes, and holistic features.
The common samples of this research method are content analysis, focus group and interviews. You can also find historical, ethnographic and case studies as the examples of quantitative research. Ethnographic study has extensive of narrative data over an extended period of time in natural settings to gain insights about types of research.
Mixed Research Design
Data are collected through observations at particular points of time over a sustained period. This often mentioned on educational technology research and development articles. Mixed research is a combination of quantitative and qualitative research techniques in a single study. Mixed model research is using quantitative and qualitative approaches within or across phases of the study.